Small Businessmen Burdened by Petty Bureaucracy
Published: September 18, 2013 (Issue # 1778)
MOSCOW (AP) Ч Dentist Sergei Emelyanov is being smothered in RussiaТs red tape.
Every day, Emelyanov and his staff have to take time out from tending patients to fill out official logbooks on health and hygiene. ItТs repetitive and pointless work but required by law Ч and vital if Emelyanov, who has co-owned his Moscow clinic since 1992, wants to avoid a hefty arbitrary fine from inspectors.
Along with many of the small struggling businesses in Russia, Emelyanov knows this comes with the territory.
УRegulatory authorities, armed with current rules and regulations, are free to do whatever they want with us,Ф he said. УEvery inspecting body is tailored to levy fines from businesses. Even if you abide by all the rules, they will always find something to fine you for.Ф
There are growing concerns that RussiaТs burdensome bureaucracy and corruption are holding back the countryТs economy, which has become increasingly reliant on massive oil and mining companies.
According to the International Monetary Fund, Russia is the worldТs eighth-largest economy Ч just behind Brazil Ч with an annual gross domestic product of some $2 trillion. While it exports a large part of EuropeТs and AsiaТs energy needs, it also helps fill in the order books of companies across the globe.
However, the countryТs economic growth has been on a downward path since the start of last year. The Economic Development ministry estimates it will only be 1.8 percent this year Ч the slowest rate since 1999. Economic Development Minister Alexei Ulyukayev has also warned of the risk of recession.
With Russian oil and gas exports slowing, the best hope lies with small and medium-sized businesses, Ulyukayev said in an interview with the Kommersant business daily last month. УRussian exports can no longer be the key driver of economic growth,Ф he said.
But businessmen like Emelyanov claim the government isnТt backing its words with action.
When President Vladimir Putin was campaigning to win his third term as president in 2012, one of his promises was to increase the pay and benefits of state employees Ч who make up to 40 percent of RussiaТs total workforce. Soldiers saw their pay more than double last year, while teachers got a 14 percent raise. While this lavish spending has improved the lives of millions of Russians, it has put a strain on the countryТs budget.
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