State Banks Eye Russia's $740Bln Plastic Card Market
Published: April 4, 2014 (Issue # 1804)
As top government officials speed up the birth of a national credit card system in an asymmetrical response to U.S. sanctions over Russia's incorporation of Crimea, major state banks are eyeing their share in the multi-billion dollar financial transactions market.
President Vladimir Putin has supported German Gref, the CEO of Russia's largest lender Sberbank, who offered to create a national payment system based on the existing Universal Electronic Card, or UEC.
Putin ordered the prime minister to review all the possibilities of using the UEC, followed by a corresponding decree of the Cabinet to the key ministries. Officials are to report of the results of their evaluations by mid-April, Kommersant reported Thursday.
The UEC started to be issued to Russian citizens beginning from 2013 and initially was meant to replace the existing internal passport. Besides carrying all the necessary personal data, it is possible to make payments with the card as with a regular plastic. About 300,000 of these cards, powered by Sberbank's PRO100 payment system, have been issued so far and they are accepted by most cash machines and acquiring terminals across the country.
Top government officials have repeatedly said the national payment system was a must-have as a necessary means of security against sudden malfunctions of international payment systems.
At the end of March, Visa and MasterCard stopped providing services for payment transactions for the clients of Bank Rossiya and SMP bank, co-owned by brothers Boris and Arkady Rotenberg, allegedly Putin's close allies. The taken measure was reportedly part of U.S. sanctions against the Russian annexation of Crimea.
"National payment systems exist in many countries and Russia should think of one as well," said German Gref following the incident, adding that Sberbank has own system that is up to the task. He said the system could be applied across the country within several months after adjusting legislation.
Currently, Visa and MasterCard take up, respectively, 60 and 35 percent of Russia's credit card market, which according to the Central Bank saw almost 26 trillion rubles ($740 billion) worth of transactions in 2013.
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