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Medvedev Plans to Restore Vineyards to Soviet Glory Days

Published: May 29, 2014 (Issue # 1813)



  • Russian grape production has fallen to 325,000 tons a year, just 40 percent of its level in the 1980s.
    Photo: Denis Abramov / Vedomosti

The government plans to almost double Russia's wine-making territory by 2020, setting itself against foreign importers, local counterfeiters and almost three decades of Soviet and Russian neglect.

In a meeting this week at the Arbau-Durso winery in Russia's wine-producing region of Krasnodar, between the Caspian Sea and Ukraine, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev set the aim of boosting the total territory of Russian vineyards to 140,000 hectares in 2020 from 90,000 hectares now. Medvedev also raised the possibility of freeing wine from the laws governing alcohol production — potentially liberating the wine industry from regulations such as the ban on advertising in locations other than the point of sale.

"There are independent laws on this subject in the majority of countries, maybe it makes sense for us to go the way of the French and most grape and wine producers in general," Medvedev said, according to a transcript on the government's website.

But behind the forward-looking rhetoric, the situation is bleak: Russian grape production has fallen to 325,000 tons a year, just 40 percent of its level in the 1980s, Medvedev said. The industry is also plagued by counterfeit products and Russian producers who import their raw materials from abroad.

In the absence of state support, wine-making has foundered in Russia over the past 25 years. According to Vadim Dobriz of the Russian Regional and Federal Alcohol Markets Studies Center, the total area of vineyards has fallen from 190,000 hectares during the former Soviet Union to 60,000 hectares today, plus the 30,000 hectares Russia gained with the annexation of Crimea in March.

Former president of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev did not help matters. An anti-alcoholism campaign carried out under his rule in the 1980s led to the destruction of numerous vineyards, especially in the republic of Dagestan, where the state employed people to take axes to the vines. The total area of wine-making territory in Russia fell from 200,000 hectares in the early 1980s to 168,000 hectares in the second half of the decade, according to RosBusinessConsulting.

As local growers vanished, French, Spanish and Italian wines have flooded into the market along with foreign-produced "must," or the raw grape juice from which wine is produced. Forty percent of the wine drunk in Russia last year was imported from abroad, and an additional 30 percent was made in Russian from foreign materials, Dobriz said. Russia produced a total of 97 million liters of wine in the first four months this year, according to the State Statistics Agency.

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Saturday, Sept. 20


Starting on Sept. 18 and ending tomorrow is the Extreme Fantasy Wakeboarding Festival in Sunpark by Sredny Suzdalskoye lake in the Ozerki region of the city.


Those after something more laid back can instead head to Jazz and Wine night at TerraVino with legendary jazz guitarist Ildar Kazahanov. 12/14 Admiralteyskaya Emb.



Sunday, Sept. 21


Learn more about African culture and get some exercise during today’s “Djembe and Vuvuzela,” a bike ride starting in Palace Square that includes several stops where riders can listen to the music of Africa or watch short films about the continent. The riders plan to set off at 4 p.m. and all you need to join is a set of wheels.



Monday, Sept. 22


Do you love puppetry? If so, then be sure to go to BTK-Fest, a five-day festival that starts on Sept. 19 celebrating the art. Contemporaries from France, Belgium, the U.K. and other countries will join Russian artists to put on theatrical performances involving a variety of themes, materials and eras. Workshops and meetings are also scheduled for a chance to discuss the artistic medium in further depth.



Tuesday, Sept. 23


Marina Suhih, Director of the External Communications Department at Rostelecom North-West, and Yana Donskaya, HR Director for Northern Capital Gateway are just some of the confirmed participants of today’s round table discussion on “Interaction with Trade Unions” being hosted by SPIBA. Confirm your attendance with SPIBA by Sept. 22.


Kino Expo 2014, an international film industry convention, will be at LenExpo from today until Sept. 26. The third largest exhibition of film equipment in the world, the expo focuses on not only Russia but former Soviet republics as well.



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