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Medvedev Plans to Restore Vineyards to Soviet Glory Days

Published: May 29, 2014 (Issue # 1813)



  • Russian grape production has fallen to 325,000 tons a year, just 40 percent of its level in the 1980s.
    Photo: Denis Abramov / Vedomosti

The government plans to almost double Russia's wine-making territory by 2020, setting itself against foreign importers, local counterfeiters and almost three decades of Soviet and Russian neglect.

In a meeting this week at the Arbau-Durso winery in Russia's wine-producing region of Krasnodar, between the Caspian Sea and Ukraine, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev set the aim of boosting the total territory of Russian vineyards to 140,000 hectares in 2020 from 90,000 hectares now. Medvedev also raised the possibility of freeing wine from the laws governing alcohol production — potentially liberating the wine industry from regulations such as the ban on advertising in locations other than the point of sale.

"There are independent laws on this subject in the majority of countries, maybe it makes sense for us to go the way of the French and most grape and wine producers in general," Medvedev said, according to a transcript on the government's website.

But behind the forward-looking rhetoric, the situation is bleak: Russian grape production has fallen to 325,000 tons a year, just 40 percent of its level in the 1980s, Medvedev said. The industry is also plagued by counterfeit products and Russian producers who import their raw materials from abroad.

In the absence of state support, wine-making has foundered in Russia over the past 25 years. According to Vadim Dobriz of the Russian Regional and Federal Alcohol Markets Studies Center, the total area of vineyards has fallen from 190,000 hectares during the former Soviet Union to 60,000 hectares today, plus the 30,000 hectares Russia gained with the annexation of Crimea in March.

Former president of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev did not help matters. An anti-alcoholism campaign carried out under his rule in the 1980s led to the destruction of numerous vineyards, especially in the republic of Dagestan, where the state employed people to take axes to the vines. The total area of wine-making territory in Russia fell from 200,000 hectares in the early 1980s to 168,000 hectares in the second half of the decade, according to RosBusinessConsulting.

As local growers vanished, French, Spanish and Italian wines have flooded into the market along with foreign-produced "must," or the raw grape juice from which wine is produced. Forty percent of the wine drunk in Russia last year was imported from abroad, and an additional 30 percent was made in Russian from foreign materials, Dobriz said. Russia produced a total of 97 million liters of wine in the first four months this year, according to the State Statistics Agency.

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ALL ABOUT TOWN

Wednesday, July 23


SPIBA’s Legislation & Lobbying Committee invites everyone interested in the practical aspects of courts and procedural law to today’s Legal Debating Club at 9:30 a.m. at the Mertens House, 21 Nevsky Prospekt, office 506. Visit spiba.ru for more details.


Take advantage of the sunny summer days and participate in Beach Games 2014, which runs through July 27 in Sestroretsk’s Dubki Park.



Thursday, July 24


Liliana Modiliani, a well-known Russian stylist, will talk about choosing clothes that fit during her lecture at 7 p.m. at the Pryamoy Efir art club, 13 Viborgskoe Shosse.



Friday, July 25


Discuss Russia’s economic and political prospects for 2014 during a Business Breakfast organized by SPIBA at 9.30 a.m. in the Bank Saint-Petersburg office at 64


Malookhtinsky Prospekt.


Start your weekend with adorable miniature pigs at the Squealing Pig festival at 7 p.m. this evening in the Karl & Friedrich restaurant, 15 Iozhnaya doroga, on Krestovsky Island.



Saturday, July 26


Hundreds of brand-new and retro cars, drag and drift shows, test drives and karting are planned for the Avtobum-2014 festival, which will take place in front of the RIO shopping center at 2 Fuchika Ulitsa.


Participants in today’s SaniDay Summer competition will impress visitors with their hand-made, unusual and hilarious boats, which will race at the Igora Resort near the 54th kilometer on Priozerskoe Shosse.


Metro Family Day will include both serious lectures for adults and master-classes for children, making the event interesting for the whole family. To participate, come to Kirov Park on Yelagin Island.


Photography will be the focus of today’s Photosubbota, which features lectures by famous photographers, meetings with photo schools and studio representatives, and participation in a photography competition. The event starts at noon at Petrokongress, 5 Lodeynopolskaya Ulitsa.


If you like cycling, make sure to visit the Za Velogorod Festival with its retro bike exhibition, market and live music. The second round of the Leningrad Criterium race will also take place during the event at Petrovsky Arsenal in Sestroretsk.



Sunday, July 27


Navy Day will be celebrated with a weapon and military transportation exhibition, self-defense master classes and concerts. The event starts at 1 p.m. in the 300th Anniversary Park of St. Petersburg.



Monday, July 28


Don’t miss a chance to see the latest achievements in robotics during the RoboDom interactive show, exhibiting more than 150 robots. The show will be at BUM center, 22/2 Gzhatskaya Ulitsa, until Aug. 3. The entrance ticket costs 350 rubles ($10).



Tuesday, July 29


A video of a Queen concert from 1986 will be shown today at 8 p.m. in Yaschik, 50/13 Ligovsky Prospekt.



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